Section 1: Grammar
Choose the correct answer and write its letter in the answer sheet.
- Water at a temperature of 100°C.
- In some countries very hot all the time.
- In cold countries people wear thick clothes
- In England people are always talking about
- In some places almost every day.
- In deserts there isn't grass.
- Places near the Equator have weather even in the cold season.
- In England time of year is usually from December to February.
- people don't know what it's like in other countries.
- Very people can travel abroad.
- Mohammed Ali his first world title fight in 1960.
- After he an Olympic gold medal he became a professional boxer.
- His religious beliefs change his name when he became champion.
- If he lost his first fight with Sonny Liston, no one would have been surprised.
- He has travelled a lot as a boxer and as a world‑famous personality.
- He is very well known the world.
- Many people he was the greatest boxer of all time.
- To be the best the world is not easy.
- Like any top sportsman Ali train very hard.
- Even though he has now lost his title, people always remember him as a champion.
Section 2: Reading
Read the following text and answer the questions after it.
Although more than 100 km separates the English cities of Oxford and Cambridge, their universities are linked by the term ‘Oxbridge’. It is a name that can be applied to either university or to both. Traditionally, a degree at Oxbridge symbolized thepinnacle of academic achievement. Cities like Birmingham, Liverpool, Bristol andManchester had their own universities, but these were not as esteemed as Oxbridgeand received the derogatory title of ‘Red brick’ universities. In recent times, the nameOxbridge has also become a derogatory term. Some people believe that Oxbridge ispart of a social class system that favours the privileged few, born into wealth or highsocial status, at the expense of the less well-off, socially disadvantaged, thoughequally talented students. Whilst Oxford and Cambridge encourage applicationsfrom candidates living in deprived areas, only 1 in 100 of the poorest universitystudents in England received an Oxbridge education in 2010, far lower than thepercentage of poorer students at the ‘Red brick’ universities.
It cannot be disputed that a disproportionate number of Oxbridge entrants went toa fee-paying private school rather than to a free, state school. Nationally, only 1 in 15pupils receive a private education, but nearly half of the students at Oxbridge went toa private school. Fee-paying schools have higher staff-to-pupil ratios, so their pupilsreceive more tuition and achieve higher grades than pupils from state sector schools.It is surely no surprise that pupils with an education paid for by their parents areabout 20 times more likely to be offered a place at Oxbridge. There is no reason tobelieve that the best pupils in the state sector are any less intelligent than those in theprivate sector. Given the same educational opportunities and life circumstances,state sector pupils can achieve equally high grades. The failure of the best pupils toachieve their potential can often be linked to a difficult home life, lack of motivation orpeer pressure from less academic pupils. The attainment gap between universityapplicants from fee-paying and state schools is maintained when Oxbridge graduatesare rewarded with the best-paying jobs, affording them the opportunity to send their
own children to the best schools.
Looked at from the perspective of life chances, Oxbridge helps to maintain the‘social divide’ where the rich get richer and the poor remain poor. Some peoplewould argue that this ‘Oxbridge advantage’ is a symptom of social stratification ratherthan a cause of it. After all, parents cannot be blamed for wanting the best educationfor their children and Oxbridge cannot be held responsible for the failure of stateschools to achieve the necessary grades. There is no evidence to suggest thatOxbridge selects students on anything other than merit. Indeed, in some subjectsthe application process includes admissions and aptitude tests that help to ensurea level playing field. Perhaps then, the state sector needs to encourage and supportmore applications from their best pupils to the best universities. Alternatively, the low aspiration of some pupils’ parents may fail to drive gifted pupils onwards andupwards, or it may be that some pupils from an ordinary background are not comfortablewith the idea of attending Oxbridge. Students who do not feel that they will‘fit in’ at Oxbridge can still make the most of their talents by attending one of thecountry’s many other excellent universities.
Inequalities in our society do not begin and end with Oxbridge. The best stateschools are usually found in the most affluent areas. Injustices can arise whenparents move house to secure a child’s place at a more desirable school and indoing so they force another child into an under-performing school. Other, better-offparents, though not necessarily wealthy, will pay for their children to be educated ata private school to avoid having to move home. Either way, the desire to furnish one’schildren with the best possible education outweighs any sense of social justice.Unless remedies can be found for the disparity in educational standards in thepre-university years, it is unrealistic to believe that Oxbridge contributes in anysubstantial way to a lack of social mobility. A place at Oxbridge should be seen asan opportunity for self-improvement and learning at the highest standards whateverone’s social background.
- A.Choose the correct letter A, B, C or D for the questions based on the Reading Passage .
1. In the past Oxbridge has been seen as
A an education only for those who can afford to pay for it.
B the best universities in the country.
C an opportunity for learning and self-improvement.
D a place that represents the highest educational standards.
2.Everybody agrees that
A too many Oxbridge students have had a private education.
B there are higher staff to student ratios at Oxbridge.
C life at Oxbridge is for those with money and social status.
D Oxbridge applicants are rewarded with the best degrees.
3.In the passage, there is an example of how Oxbridge
A encourages applications from pupils living in deprived areas.
B has made the application process fairer.
C selects students based on their exam results.
D maintains its advantage over other universities.
4.In the passage, a link is made between a degree at Oxbridge and
Ainequalities in state schools.
B a pupil’s aspiration.
C a successful career.
D under-performing schools.
B. Do the following statements agree with the information given in the Reading Passage?
TRUE if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this.
5.The ‘Oxbridge advantage’ refers to better prospects in life.
6.Some Oxbridge candidates are offered a place whether they deserve it or not.
7.A student from an ordinary background is unlikely to do well at Oxbridge.
8.A lack of applications from state schools is the only reason for the low number
of state school students at Oxbridge.
9.The author does not believe that Oxbridge is responsible for social inequalities.
10.There are few good schools in the state sector.
Section 3: Listening
Anna works in a medium-sized sporting goods company, and is telling a new business partner who is who in the department. Listen to the dialogue and complete the organogram.
Listen again and complete the sentences from the dialogue.
7. We have separate……………….. for sales and marketing.
8. I'm the public relations ………………………. here.
9. I…………………….directly to Sabrina, who's the(10)………………of marketing.
Questions 1 to 6
Choose the correct letter, A, B or C.
History of diagrams
1 According to the professor, ancient pictures of wild animals are
A found in Europe only.
B found in Australia only.
C found in both Europe and Australia.
2 According to the professor, Egyptian hieroglyphics are
A difficult to understand.
B language in pictures.
C decorative drawings.
3 According to the professor, Pythagoras and Archimedes were both
4 According to Wikipedia, a map is a diagram
A with axes and co-ordinates.
B of part of the earth’s surface.
C that links one place to another.
5 According to the professor, modern diagrams
A are charts or graphs only.
B contain more information than text.
C help to explain complicated data.
6 According to the professor, Florence Nightingale used a chart
A similar to a pie chart.
B identical to a pie chart.
C different to a pie chart.
Questions 7 to 10
Complete the notes below.
Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD for each answer.
Section 4: Writing
The graphs below give information about computer ownership as a percentage of the population between 2002 and 2010, and by level of education for the years 2002 and 2010.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
Do good exam results at school or college guarantee success in life?
Discuss the advantages that a good education can have on your future.
Do you believe that studying hard will bring a better life?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant experience or knowledge.
Write at least 250 words.